Songs for Arduino

I have recently become very interested in music. Consequently, I started to learn how to read scores. So, I thought that adapting some songs for Arduino would be a good exercise. I wrote a few Arduino sketches, with some details on mind:

  • Sketches should be compatible with all or almost all Arduino boards;
  • No need for installing libraries;
  • Sketches should be easy to understand and modify.

That said, I have only used the tone() function, which is part of the Arduino “language”. The tone() function is capable of generating a single tone, in only one pin at a time. Libraries such as the Tone library allow you to generate more tones, but use specific timers of some microcontrollers, which causes incompatibility with many boards. This means that the sketches here are monophonic, that is, only one note can be played at a time.

Songs

At the moment, the following songs are currently available. Just click the name of the song to view the code.

Movies

Games

Classic

Others

Example

As an example, we will use the theme of the game Tetris (type A).  Simply copy the code into the Arduino IDE and connect a buzzer to pin 11 of your Arduino board, or connect it to any pin and edit the value of the buzzer variable accordingly.

With the piezo connected to the board, simply add the code with the desired song in the IDE and upload it to the Arduino. The tempo variable can be changed to make the music play faster or slower, while the buzzer variable contains the number of the pin to which the piezo is connected. The melody vector contains each note of the song followed by their duration.

 /* 
  Tetris theme - (Korobeiniki) 
  Connect a piezo buzzer or speaker to pin 11 or select a new pin.
  More songs available at https://github.com/robsoncouto/arduino-songs                                            
                                              
                                              Robson Couto, 2019
*/

#define NOTE_B0  31
#define NOTE_C1  33
#define NOTE_CS1 35
#define NOTE_D1  37
#define NOTE_DS1 39
#define NOTE_E1  41
#define NOTE_F1  44
#define NOTE_FS1 46
#define NOTE_G1  49
#define NOTE_GS1 52
#define NOTE_A1  55
#define NOTE_AS1 58
#define NOTE_B1  62
#define NOTE_C2  65
#define NOTE_CS2 69
#define NOTE_D2  73
#define NOTE_DS2 78
#define NOTE_E2  82
#define NOTE_F2  87
#define NOTE_FS2 93
#define NOTE_G2  98
#define NOTE_GS2 104
#define NOTE_A2  110
#define NOTE_AS2 117
#define NOTE_B2  123
#define NOTE_C3  131
#define NOTE_CS3 139
#define NOTE_D3  147
#define NOTE_DS3 156
#define NOTE_E3  165
#define NOTE_F3  175
#define NOTE_FS3 185
#define NOTE_G3  196
#define NOTE_GS3 208
#define NOTE_A3  220
#define NOTE_AS3 233
#define NOTE_B3  247
#define NOTE_C4  262
#define NOTE_CS4 277
#define NOTE_D4  294
#define NOTE_DS4 311
#define NOTE_E4  330
#define NOTE_F4  349
#define NOTE_FS4 370
#define NOTE_G4  392
#define NOTE_GS4 415
#define NOTE_A4  440
#define NOTE_AS4 466
#define NOTE_B4  494
#define NOTE_C5  523
#define NOTE_CS5 554
#define NOTE_D5  587
#define NOTE_DS5 622
#define NOTE_E5  659
#define NOTE_F5  698
#define NOTE_FS5 740
#define NOTE_G5  784
#define NOTE_GS5 831
#define NOTE_A5  880
#define NOTE_AS5 932
#define NOTE_B5  988
#define NOTE_C6  1047
#define NOTE_CS6 1109
#define NOTE_D6  1175
#define NOTE_DS6 1245
#define NOTE_E6  1319
#define NOTE_F6  1397
#define NOTE_FS6 1480
#define NOTE_G6  1568
#define NOTE_GS6 1661
#define NOTE_A6  1760
#define NOTE_AS6 1865
#define NOTE_B6  1976
#define NOTE_C7  2093
#define NOTE_CS7 2217
#define NOTE_D7  2349
#define NOTE_DS7 2489
#define NOTE_E7  2637
#define NOTE_F7  2794
#define NOTE_FS7 2960
#define NOTE_G7  3136
#define NOTE_GS7 3322
#define NOTE_A7  3520
#define NOTE_AS7 3729
#define NOTE_B7  3951
#define NOTE_C8  4186
#define NOTE_CS8 4435
#define NOTE_D8  4699
#define NOTE_DS8 4978
#define REST 0

// change this to make the song slower or faster
int tempo=144; 

// change this to whichever pin you want to use
int buzzer = 11;

// notes of the moledy followed by the duration.
// a 4 means a quarter note, 8 an eighteenth , 16 sixteenth, so on
// !!negative numbers are used to represent dotted notes,
// so -4 means a dotted quarter note, that is, a quarter plus an eighteenth!!
int melody[] = {

  //Based on the arrangement at https://www.flutetunes.com/tunes.php?id=192
  
  NOTE_E5, 4,  NOTE_B4,8,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_D5,4,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_B4,8,
  NOTE_A4, 4,  NOTE_A4,8,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_E5,4,  NOTE_D5,8,  NOTE_C5,8,
  NOTE_B4, -4,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_D5,4,  NOTE_E5,4,
  NOTE_C5, 4,  NOTE_A4,4,  NOTE_A4,8,  NOTE_A4,4,  NOTE_B4,8,  NOTE_C5,8,

  NOTE_D5, -4,  NOTE_F5,8,  NOTE_A5,4,  NOTE_G5,8,  NOTE_F5,8,
  NOTE_E5, -4,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_E5,4,  NOTE_D5,8,  NOTE_C5,8,
  NOTE_B4, 4,  NOTE_B4,8,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_D5,4,  NOTE_E5,4,
  NOTE_C5, 4,  NOTE_A4,4,  NOTE_A4,4, REST, 4,

  NOTE_E5, 4,  NOTE_B4,8,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_D5,4,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_B4,8,
  NOTE_A4, 4,  NOTE_A4,8,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_E5,4,  NOTE_D5,8,  NOTE_C5,8,
  NOTE_B4, -4,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_D5,4,  NOTE_E5,4,
  NOTE_C5, 4,  NOTE_A4,4,  NOTE_A4,8,  NOTE_A4,4,  NOTE_B4,8,  NOTE_C5,8,

  NOTE_D5, -4,  NOTE_F5,8,  NOTE_A5,4,  NOTE_G5,8,  NOTE_F5,8,
  NOTE_E5, -4,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_E5,4,  NOTE_D5,8,  NOTE_C5,8,
  NOTE_B4, 4,  NOTE_B4,8,  NOTE_C5,8,  NOTE_D5,4,  NOTE_E5,4,
  NOTE_C5, 4,  NOTE_A4,4,  NOTE_A4,4, REST, 4,
  

  NOTE_E5,2,  NOTE_C5,2,
  NOTE_D5,2,   NOTE_B4,2,
  NOTE_C5,2,   NOTE_A4,2,
  NOTE_GS4,2,  NOTE_B4,4,  REST,8, 
  NOTE_E5,2,   NOTE_C5,2,
  NOTE_D5,2,   NOTE_B4,2,
  NOTE_C5,4,   NOTE_E5,4,  NOTE_A5,2,
  NOTE_GS5,2,

};

// sizeof gives the number of bytes, each int value is composed of two bytes (16 bits)
// there are two values per note (pitch and duration), so for each note there are four bytes
int notes=sizeof(melody)/sizeof(melody[0])/2; 

// this calculates the duration of a whole note in ms (60s/tempo)*4 beats
int wholenote = (60000 * 4) / tempo;

int divider = 0, noteDuration = 0;

void setup() {
  // iterate over the notes of the melody. 
  // Remember, the array is twice the number of notes (notes + durations)
  for (int thisNote = 0; thisNote < notes * 2; thisNote = thisNote + 2) {

    // calculates the duration of each note
    divider = melody[thisNote + 1];
    if (divider > 0) {
      // regular note, just proceed
      noteDuration = (wholenote) / divider;
    } else if (divider < 0) {
      // dotted notes are represented with negative durations!!
      noteDuration = (wholenote) / abs(divider);
      noteDuration *= 1.5; // increases the duration in half for dotted notes
    }

    // we only play the note for 90% of the duration, leaving 10% as a pause
    tone(buzzer, melody[thisNote], noteDuration*0.9);

    // Wait for the specief duration before playing the next note.
    delay(noteDuration);
    
    // stop the waveform generation before the next note.
    noTone(buzzer);
  }
}

void loop() {
  // no need to repeat the melody.
}

 

After uploading the sketch, the Arduino will play the song. The setup() code can be moved to the loop() if the music is to be repeated.

 

That’s it for now.  Thanks for reading, see you next post o/

Robson Couto

Recetnly graduated electrical engineer. I enjoy devoting my time to learning about computers, electronics, programming and reverse engineering. My projects are documented in this blog when possible.

13 thoughts to “Songs for Arduino”

  1. Oi Robson,

    Fiz a montagem certinha, subi o sketch do mesmo jeito, mas o som não sai no meu buzzer (que é igual o da foto). Eu testei na aula em um buzzer com 3 saídas, onde 1 ia pro pino11, outra no 5v e outra no terra. Como funciona quando o buzzer só tem 2 pinos, que é o caso do meu?

  2. Hi, Thank you for posting. The code does not compile on the Arduino IDE 1.8.10. The variables lt and gt are not declared. I noticed there are also four ‘;’s in some of your for loops.

    Robert

    1. Hi Robert, dozens of people use this code everyday without problems.
      There seems to a problem with your browser. Are you using a page translator or something similar?
      Have you tried downloading the repository from Github?

    1. Sorry for the delay.

      You probably figured it out, but I will leave this here for those who did not.

      Just copy the code from the setup() function to the loop() function. It is probably a good idea to add a delay to the loop just to make a small pause between plays.

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